Getting married is a stage which is important for every couple who have found a soul mate. After long enough to know each other, sharing stories and trying to unify the ideas. The relationship finally reaching the highest point. Surely good preparation to make it as a moment of the most beautiful is feasible. Time, effort and substantial funds are given to prepare the wedding. Busyness before marriage is not only felt by couples who are getting married but the family also made dizzy by it.
But often there is an escape from a list pre-marriage preparation. In addition to the wedding preparations, naturally couples prepare to face the ark of households that will be lived. Marriage is not as easy as what is told by the princess fairy tales as a child. Beautiful daughters and a good heart who meet a handsome prince eventually married and happy during his life (“happily ever after”).
If the term marriage is to be prepared physically and spiritually, which also must be considered and included in the list are pre-marriage preparation couples health. Not only physically fit but also to be considered healthy according to the broad definition. Based on the definition of health according to World Health Organization (WHO) is a prosperous state of physical, mental and social as a whole and not merely freedom from disease or disability. So pre-marital partner health is important to support the achievement of a lasting marriage till old age. Marriage can co-exist and adapt, can overcome his problems with the wise and mature.
Ideally, pre-marital health testing done six months prior to the wedding. Premarital health tests can be done anytime during the marriage has not lasted. If at the time of checking it turns out there is a problem found then treatment can be done after marriage. The following are important issues related to health tests for couples to be married:
1. Reproductive Tract Infection / Sexually Transmitted Infections (ISR / IMS)
Medical screening to avoid the transmission of diseases transmitted through sexual intercourse, such as syphilis, gonorrhea, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis. Women are actually more susceptible to venereal disease than men. Because the V-shaped female genitals that seemed to “accommodate” the virus. While the male genitals are not “accommodate” and can be directly cleaned. If one spouse suffered from ISR / IMS, before marriage should be treated first to recover. In addition, if such a man suffering from hepatitis B and will be married, his future wife should be made to have immunity against hepatitis B disease. How, with hepatitis B immunization If the couple has not been cured of venereal disease and will remain married, despite not guarantee 100 percent but condom use is highly recommended.
2. A cross rhesus
Most Asian nations have a Rhesus positive, while Europeans average negative. Sometimes, couples do not know the Rhesus blood of each partner. In fact, if Rhesusnya intersect, can affect the quality of offspring. If a female (negative Reshus) married men (Rhesus positive), the first baby has a chance to air-Rhesus negative or positive. If the baby has a Rhesus negative, no problem. But, if he were Rhesus positive, problems may arise in subsequent pregnancies. If it turns out that the second pregnancy that her fetus is Rhesus positive, the pregnancy is dangerous. Because antirhesus antibodies from the mother can enter the fetal red blood cells. Conversely, no matter if the women were Rhesus positive and the negative guy.
3. Hereditary disease
Premarital health tests can detect possible diseases that can be genetically inherited to the child, such as albino. For example, the husband bringing nature of an albino but his wife does not, then the child born does not become an albino. Conversely, if his wife also brought an albino character, then the child must albino.Jika meet with couples who are equally brought this nature, marriage is not to be stopped. It’s just that need to be agreed to have kids or not. If you still want to have kids, so the risk the child will be albino. Or choose not to have kids. Marriage should not be delayed by obstacles such as this. What is important is the solution or prevention.
4. Check Fertility (Fertility)
If a couple want a child soon, need to undergo premarital counseling. In this examination with the aim that pregnancy can be prepared and executed properly. It takes a medical history and social conditions. Among other economic status (working or not working) and the atmosphere in the family environment. Including behaviors that do not support a pregnancy, such as smoking, alcoholic beverages, and put on medication psikotoprika.Selain, it is necessary also evaluated the risk of the individual that may arise in pregnancy. Among others, age (still reproductive or not), the condition of nutrition, physical activity, educational level, stress level, and how the relationship with a partner.
Laboratory tests to determine the reproductive organs are also needed. Among other things, pap smear (if a woman is sexually active), uterus, and the status of immunity against diseases (rubella, toxoplasmosis). There is also examination of previous jik egg cells in question are considered infertile couples (difficult to have children). The cause of infertility is caused by man’s 45 percent and 55 percent by women. Examination by ultrasound (Ultra Sonography) to see whether a woman suffering from cysts, myomas, tumor, or whitish. If there is any abnormality or infection to be cleared first because it can disturb the process of pregnancy.